Arguments for and against using Utilitarian principles Essay
Utilitarianism is a great ethical theory that proclaims that the morally right intervention in any presented situation is the one that produces the greatest amount of pleasure over discomfort for everyone influenced (Ferrell, Fraedrich &Ferrell 2008). This is obvious in business decision making processes made by analysts, legislators and managers, for instance on deciding obtain resources in public areas project, to minimize cost by utilizing foreign labors and such. Hence, the disagreement on if utilitarian concepts should be used in workplace practices is extremely debated as it carries the two pros and cons. To start with, utilitarianism within an organizational circumstance вЂњprovides a clear and straightforward basis (Shaw, Craig & Sansbury 2009, p67)вЂќ for developing and screening guidelines and protocols. Pain and enjoyment is rated in a level of procession to measure intensity from the emotion (Burns 2005). Consequently, organizations may utilize this to derive aim decisions, because the approach uses quantitative result oriented method, and calculates cost and advantage of the consequences of all possible alternatives. For instance, a departmental administrator ordered to cut cost in the department may revise every employeesвЂ™ earnings in the interest of obtaining higher power for all functions rather than put off a few staff. Secondly, utilitarianism permits an impartial approach of decision making, thus a way to solve conflicts involving self-interest (Mill, 1863). This method requires the decision maker for taking the perspective of an impartial third party and provide equal weightage to everyoneвЂ™s interest. As such, the outcome of the decision will not be influenced simply by self interest and odds of negative implication to all individual are reduced. This is advantages, as happenings such as Bhopal Disaster that killed 20000, as a result of poor maintenance to reduce cost for the shareholders, could be evaded. Thus applying utilitarianism, companies can reach вЂњrealistic and workable moral decisions (Shaw, Barry & Sansbury 2009, p67)вЂќ. non-etheless, there are criticisms against the utilitarianism approach as it is difficult to decide and take into account all not far off benefit and harm of every possible alternate (De George 2013, p48). This is because we cannot know the dimensions of the full inference of all activities in the long term, nor can we accurately estimate the pain and pleasure of future outcomes resulting from these types of actions. For instance , a medication that was released into industry after detailed research and careful consideration of benefit over injury, could have undocumented lethal side effect that could show many years afterwards. However , as a result of limited technological advancement if the research was conducted, this potential injury and its strength may not be determined accurately during initial price and advantage analysis. Furthermore, utilitarianism is known as a teleological theory that looks at the end result by itself rather than actions. As such, this isnвЂ™t worried about how the energy is obtained and even morally reprehensible actions such as theft and tough could be considered ethically right as long this produces even more utility (Shaw, Barry & Sansbury 2009, p68)вЂќ. Furthermore, the theory, even though theoretically credible, is not applicable in real life scenarios in which people are required to generate decision within minutes and could not possibly consider all alternatives and their ramifications. In conclusion, utilitarianism though highly applicable to workplace, ought to be practiced with caution since it also has disadvantages like any various other theory. Consequently, the individuals in making decisions position, should know about potential biases and shortcomings of exercising utilitarianism and attempt to minimize the adverse implications.
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