Enhancing the Quality of Education in the Philippines Essay

Enhancing the Quality of Education in the Philippines Essay

Improving the quality of basic education in the Philippines is definitely urgent and critical. Due to that, one of the discussions of DepEd which incurred last October 2010 is to boost the basic education program from the country in a fashion that is least disruptive to the current curriculum, most affordable to government and households, and lined up with international practice throughout the K-12 insurance plan. The poor top quality of standard education is reflected inside the low success scores of Filipino students. A large number of students who also finish simple education do not need00 sufficient competence of basic competencies. One particular reason is the fact students do not get adequate training time or perhaps time on task. This kind of quality of education can be reflected in the inadequate preparation of high school graduates pertaining to the world of work or entrepreneurship or higher education. High school teachers also do not possess the basic expertise or psychological maturity important for the world of function. 1 As the availability of financial opportunities contributes to this, additionally, it illustrates the mismatch inside the labor and education marketplaces. The World Bank Philippines Skills Report last year reveals, based upon a review of business employers, serious breaks in important skills of graduates including problem-solving, motivation and creativity, and, into a lesser degree, gaps in job specific technical skills. The enhanced K-12 program, or the Department of Education’s (DepEd) proposal to overhaul the standard and supplementary education programs by adding two more years to the strategy is arguably one of the drastic and controversial programs of the Aquino administration. The program is recommended to start at school year 2012-2013 for Grade 1 and first 12 months high school students while using target of full execution by SY 2018-2019. In accordance to SEAMEO Innotech 2011, which is viewed as the preferred education solutions service provider in Southeast Asia and in addition an ISO 9001: 2008 Certified, the Philippine may be the last nation in Asia and certainly one of only 3 countries on the globe with a 10-year pre-university program. The K-12 model to be implemented in the country is a great educational program for fundamental and extra education designed after the Us, Canada, and several parts of Australia. The current standard education product is also an archetype of American schooling good results . a 10-year cycle. DepEd reasons that it must be high time to take on a K-12 system, that attributed the low success scores and poor quality of basic education to the present college setup. Following wide protests over the pitch, the section released it is official location defending K-12. 2 “We need to add two years to our basic education, those who can pay for pay about fourteen many years of schooling just before university. Hence, their children have become into the best universities and the best careers after graduating. I want at least 12 years for the public school children to give them an even chance at doing well. ” quoted from the assertion of His Excellency Chief executive Benigno T. Aquino 3. K-12 has been met with criticism from youngsters and scholar groups, professors, parents as well as the academic community. The DepEd, for its component, appears determined to enact the program using its proposed price range catering generally to preparing the grounds due to the eventual rendering. The DepEd argues that the K-12 software will be the solution to yearly basic education woes and the going down hill quality of education. Authorities, however , combat that the education crisis has to be addressed more fundamentally and adding more institution years would only exacerbate the situation. With the proposed policy K-12 system, various quarrels and criticisms were created. Different conditions generate several assumptions, which create different policies. The success of any plan depends on the correctness of their policy presumptions. 3 Taking this fact into consideration, concerns take place, will need to policy assumptions be made based upon current realities? Or will need to policy end up being based on coverage conditions as expected to happen, although which may certainly not exist when the policy implementation was started? The below stated problems are just some of the inquiries where necessary answers are in need to be wanted in order to meet uncertainties with regards to the implementation on this educational changes provided in K-12 Policy. PROBLEMS 1 ) What is the status from the country’s educational resources as to: * educating force; * facilities and equipments; 5. learning elements; and * budget?; installment payments on your What are the provisions in the policy for the following direct entities? * family; 5. manpower;? and instructional apparatus**?; 3. Precisely what is the level of preparedness of the worried implementing stakeholders e. g. DepEd, CHED as to the execution of this educational reformation? and 4. What is the level of acknowledgement of the pursuing affected stakeholders: * educating staff; 2. parents; and * college students? 5. Precisely what is the level of capacity for the following influenced stakeholders? 5. teaching staff; * parents; and college students? OBJECTIVES The formulation of policy intended for the K+12 Education Program requires rigorous systems examination. Many patchworks of concerns, opinions and statistical research have already been shown by a lot of sectors in so many meetings and services. But what is somewhat more important to see now is the complete picture, the full tapestry of Cause-Effects and Costs-Benefits that the policy, in the event that adopted, will make. The following are the main objectives in the K-12 insurance plan as stated inside their guiding principles4: 1 . To improve the curriculum of the Improved K+12 Fundamental Education Software as the central focus. The curriculum enhancement will probably be designed in collection with the ideal competencies and skills of a K+12 graduate student. The Section of Education will comprise a body system to review the present basic education curriculum and detail the implementation program. 2 . To formulate tracks based upon different expertise and/or college student interest while an integral component of the program. Fundamental education program should develop tracks based upon competencies to fulfill the country’s varied individual capital requirements, and to prepare students for productive effort. The SHS curriculum will offer you areas of specialization or electives. 3. To enhance the basic education curriculum staying undertaken together with the strenuous efforts to make sure adequacy of inputs within the bigger basic education change,  Expanding the training program (additional years of schooling) will be pursued mindful from the need to address the type shortages – teachers, classrooms, desks, normal water and sanitation, and quality textbooks. DepEd already included a dotacion for significant physical requirements for 2011 budget, and is also looking to expose in succeeding years a budget that will make up a significant maximize not just in nominal conditions but also in actual terms. 4. To alter enhancements made on two-fold: curriculum enhancement and transition administration. The purpose of K+12 is not merely to add 2 years of education but most importantly, to enhance the standard education programs. DepEd is definitely preparing a carefully sequenced implementation decide to ensure clean transition together with the least interruption. 5. To have an open and consultative method to be used in the campaign of the Enhanced K+12 Basic Education Program. In accordance with the “Tao ang Boss” basic principle, an open and consultative method will be implemented to ensure the effective development and implementation from the K+12 program. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE. Most of us believe that to ensure that a person to achieve his success, he or she must have a fantastic background in education and the attitude of the survivor. A fantastic education starts with the aspire to learn (Osterberg, 2004). Education is important in everybody. It gives us understanding of the world about us, fortifies our point of view in life helping build views and have points of view in everything about life. Education is really important in bringing our dreams to reality. It opens up doors to every opportunity that could give achievement in one’s life (Oak, 2010). Inside our country’s circumstance, the Filipino government provides only ten years in fundamental education (6 years intended for elementary and 4 pertaining to high school years), which is the best as compared to more than a decade in many countries in the world (PCER, 1999). The poor mastery of lessons is common because of the congested program and to the truly amazing number of population in public educational institutions. High school teachers of 10-year basic education curriculum are believed to absence basic competencies and maturity. They cannot legitimately enter into contracts and are not emotionally older for entrepreneurship / employment (DepEd, 2010). According to the Countrywide Framework Policy for ICTs in Basic Education (2010), poor people performance of students around our region shown current national and international achievements tests, as well as the great number of dropouts at elementary and secondary levels, pushes the federal government to add two more years in the basic education subjects or as well termed as the K+12 education program. The K+12 system means Kindergarten and the 12 years of elementary and extra levels. Pre-school refers to the 5-year older cohort that takes a standard kinder programs. Elementary education refers to primary schooling that involves 6 or seven years of education. Secondary education refers to high school graduation (DepEd, 2010). According to the standard gazette by the Department of Education (DepED, 2010), the model that is currently being suggested by DepEd is the K-6-4-2 Model. It involves Pre-school, six numerous years of elementary education, four many years of junior senior high school (Grades 7 to 10) and couple of years of high school graduation (Grades 14 to 12). The two years of senior high school want to provide moment for students to consolidate obtained academic skills and competencies. By the time the fact that issue in K+12 program was once again lifted to general public, there has been a lot of comments and opinions of those who acknowledge and argue about it. The pro-K+12 said that the need for development of the quality of education is important and critical and that the congested curriculum only burdens the students by the time they pursue their particular tertiary level. The government as well stated that by adding two more years in our program would increase the GDP expansion by 2%. While those who disagree stated that the households would have to layer more money intended for transportation, food and education of their children. Many have also stated the government does not have the money to shell out for another couple of years in education since it would not have the money to completely support today’s ten years (Cruz, 2010). METHOD The newspaper presented elucidates what the K-12 policy is focused on, the rationale of formulating it, the target stakeholders and beneficiaries. Further, it tackles also the current circumstance and the version scenario when it was going to end up being implemented next school season. Various facts, criticisms and assumptions via different trustworthy sources were asserted to be able to substantiate details needed for the best understanding. The presenters planned to obtain details as to the concerns being asked in the above stated problems in order to have a bird’s eye view to the content and specifications in the said plan. Since the policy is shortly to be implemented, the discussion shown is more on the assessment of the provisions and guidelines established in the educational reform pertaining to the afflicted stakeholders. The come up from the following alternatives were based through the personal assessments from the presenters out from the ideas and complete discussions gained from the various reliable options. Further, several contents with this part consist of documentation of issues and problems basic from the current news and information mentioned from distinct reliable options. Moreover, the views and opinions in the presenters do not necessarily indicate the articles or exploration of the not class neither stand stage of the subject matter instructor, thus all the produced opinions are purely coming from the presenters. 1 . Eradicate and impede the implementation from the policy. Constraints and limits are highly contradicting the concerned K-12 coverage, not to mention the unwillingness to embrace the pro’s and con’s through this. installment payments on your Suspend the realization with the policy and reschedule for succeeding years. Government and direct applying agency are not well prepared to get the changes to get incurred. Further trainings and seminars, strengthening of the labor force are hereby in want as well as profound penetration for the students and parents for the better understanding and acknowledgement. 3. Put into practice the K-12 policy next school year. The country has to improve the normal of the educational system to keep in line with the paces the other country is pacing. The long term outcome of the explained implementation might serve as a good outcome which will uplift the morale with the society as a result bringing noticeable growth to the citizens especially and to the as a whole. RESEARCH AND DEBATE 1st Choice: Eradicate and impede the implementation with the policy. It is remarkable and inspiring to find out that Israel is now moving on economically and as such, to preserve and possibly lengthen this stream, targeting the Education sector of the country is essential. But , unpreparedness, poor educational participation and development will certainly yield to negative effects. The biggest problems the K-12 Education Program must address are the requirement educational inputs and processes. If these are certainly not given answer, the K-12 Education System policy is already ruined through the very start. In view of Dorothy Katrina Maramag’s idea, “the crisis with the Philippine education system, in all of the levels, is stemmed certainly not on the succinct, pithy, in this case the number of schooling years, but rather around the conditions and foundation where it subsists. Unless the federal government addresses in earnest poor public spending, high costs of schooling, the predominance of the colonial subjects, lack of visibility and accountability amid widespread corruption within the sector and the development of the country’s science and technology for household development, every efforts will remain on the area and not 10 nor 12 years would make much of big difference. ” To relate together with the statement of President PNOY “to attain something away of this proceed to K-12, we have to have an authentic set of plans” and absolutely, the plan doesn’t coincide for the current situation. Though implementing K-12 would be possible, these kinds of paradigm adjustments would be more difficult for the public program for them to cope up with the fast changes. Why? Let us reconcile to the article of Junifen Farreneheit. Gauuan, firstly, the budget to get the education sector of the Korea is, when compared to other Recently Industrialized Countries (NICs), comparatively low (for example, difference of almost 5% GDP with Malaysia and Brunei – 3. 1% GDP Philippines). Secondly, the infrastructure from the state universities are not good enough to admit more students (picture students currently taking double-shifted university time we. e. 7am-1pm + 1pm-7pm – is the fact good for students to not satisfy in a one-off-one-time schedule? Or maybe cram 50 students in a single class? ). To assimialte demand and provide, more demand = more supply. With the current shortage of teachers, while claimed by simply ACT (Alliance of Worried Teachers) there is absolutely no capacity for the public system to admit more students, more to prolong the year of study. Finally, financial restrictions, millions of people inside the Philippines (to be actual 23 mil under the Asia-Pacific poverty line) are still living below the low income line. Are those father and mother belonging to that line can really afford one other 2 years extra in education? Ideally, the future goal which can be brought by the policy is good, but reality wise, the street in achieving the target is under development, not yet completed thus to date behind. second Option: Postpone the realization of the coverage and reschedule for the next being successful years. It's the belief of some educators that the K+10 Education System failed as it lacked two more numerous years of study. We can consider that as one cause. But to the idea of the speakers, the bigger good reason that K+10 Education System failed is because of poor educational solutions such as sessions, lack of teachers, facilities and equipment to put it briefly budget. Right now, though increased budget can be allocated to the reform in the educational program in the country although unfortunately what hinders most is the present situation from the affected stakeholders such as father and mother, students and teachers not forgetting the unavailability and deficient of the educational resources. We have a need of empowerment for the part of the educating force as it is a great modify which requires greater understanding and preparation. It can’t be denied the fact the country offers great instructors worth to get proud of, good results . the transform of educational pattern that they can will encounter, a further teaching and seminar is indeed a need for them to always be fully prepared. Aside from that, the acceptance of pursuing the reformed educational system must have to start out from them being that they are considered to be your initial medium that will mediate and enlighten the the changes equally to the college students and the parents. To the area of the parents, it might be a sudden transform that will significantly affect all their economic standing in terms of the added financial obligations added also the uncertainties and queries about the changes where not all of them are aware. Even more enrichment to allow them to have a better understanding regarding the coverage is a must but it will surely surely take some time. It is a extensive way to enlighten the parents since they are the first at your fingertips who can motivate and information their children. To the implementing company, the country simply cannot attempt a trial and error result out with this policy. They need to have to think about this not an trial and error thing being tested and evaluated. Beforehand, all of the feasible consequences and preparations to counter some of those should be well handled and designed already. An evaluation of the educational resources, a low cost plan for the teaching push – a long plan coming from all of these including the construction of some additional facilities and equipment should be comprehended. For the part of the speakers, they assumed that those putting into action agency are generally not well interacted to the feasible instances that may come up and ways to respond in the event any unhanding occurrences will certainly arise. As will as the parents and students, alongside the current condition of the country connotes unpreparedness for the implementation in the policy. Pursuing the policy not having some treatment with the immediate stakeholders and considering the factors affecting the outcome of the plan would obstruct sustainability. 3 rd Option: Practice the K-12 policy this coming school yr. The government is to it, the insurance plan was advised to be implemented, government agencies in relation to the educational reform took already an action and somewhat because of the media discussion the culture can be said while informed about this. The eyesight is to uplift the educational requirements of the nation, the objective is to implement procedures and processes provided in the plan, regardless of each of the comments and criticisms since government currently spent funds for it, then like it or like it very much it should be integrated. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION. Primarily, the DepEd justifies the K-12 version by saying the present short basic education program impacts the human progress Filipino college students. Ultimately, in spite of whichever “model”, what the youngsters and nation direly requires is for the development and business of an education system that caters to the needs in the Filipino youngsters and the culture in general. However, data displays the current circumstance that the region is facing in terms of the educational system which may obstruct the implementation with the said coverage. But then, the policy is usually soon to be implemented next school 12 months. To make a recommendation as to the presented options is known as a mind boggling duty which the presenters could ever come up. Nevertheless just to fulfill the means of having this daily news the end is, the presenters chose the second item, 2nd Choice: Suspend the realization of the policy and reschedule for succeeding years. The speakers select option two while the best option not due to the fact that the Philippines is the last region in the region to consider a K-12 basic educations system since it is not all about the trending basis nevertheless checking determined by the “reality”. During the assessment done by the prestigious corporation Trends in International Mathematics and Technology Study (TIMSS), they determine that the issue about the present curriculum in squeezing more than a decade of standard education in to just 15 is that learners are beyond capacity with subject matter which lead to low quality of simple education since reflected in the low accomplishment scores of Philippine students. Worldwide tests benefits like the year 2003 TIMSS rank the Korea 34th away of 35 countries in HS 2 Math and 43rd out of 46 countries in HS II Science; intended for grade 5, the Israel ranked twenty third out of 25 engaging countries in both Math and Science. In 08, even with only the science large schools taking part in the Advanced Mathematics category, the Thailand was placed lowest. This kind of quality of education can be reflected inside the inadequate preparing of high school graduates pertaining to the world of operate or entrepreneurship or higher education. It is not the question of teaching push because internationally we can say that the country can be equipped of well trained educators capable enough for the training needed by students in our country. In fact , teachers inside our country are highly demanded and a lot preferred to be hired and work in various other country. Nonetheless it is the couple of the educational program that we have which can be designed to train a 12-year curriculum, however it is delivered in just a decade. Though some criticizing this as a way simply to realigned as to what is the trending educational program to should have, then really want to follow it if this will maintain the development of the educational system of each of our country and there is nothing wrong with this. As to the question of the implications that will be brought by the policy, surely it will have many of those and it’s part of the changes. Better because the federal government exists to uplift the normal of education in the country and not merely sitting down for their respective offices and waiting around what will happen for the future of the students experiencing the current system. The policy exist with provisions of program to be administered for the sustainability from it, thus to relate that with economic hindrances it ought to be another story that is really worth to be shown and should certainly not serve as a hindrance pertaining to the development of 1 system inside our country (education). To reach the expansion wherein the citizens would like, admitting the simple fact that it couldn’t be going on simultaneously may be the first step. However out of the advantages that can be provided by the policy, what is today to be considered while constraint is a time. There exists a need to develop to the area of the teaching push, the features and the gadgets the country currently have, even more evaluation and thorough evaluation as to the no matter what outcome that could be brought by that. Implementing courses that will result in the positive understanding of the coverage and use of media is known as a help to sink into the brains of the father and mother and making them realized the future output the policy can provide by. In short, a more ready country is need for the advancement to incur in the educational program. REFERENCES PDF FILE files: Batomalaque, Antonio. Fundamental Science Expansion Program with the Philippines to get International Co-operation. University of San Carlos.; Marinas, Bella and Ditapat, Maria. Israel: Curriculum and Development. UNESCO International Bureau of Education International Executive Alliance. The Washington Accord. http://www. washingtonaccord. org/Washington- Accord/FAQ. cfm (Accessed 11 Sept. 2010 2010) Mullis, I. V. S., Matn, M. U., Robitaille, M. F., & Foy, S. (2009). Saying Hill, MOTHER. Trends in International Mathematics and Research Advanced 08. National Middle for Education Statistics. Illustrates from the Developments in Intercontinental Mathematics and Science Analyze 2003. January 2004 Seamo-Innotech. Additional Years in Filipino Basic Education: Rationale and Legal Facets. Presentation to the Department of Education upon 25 September 2010. Demonstration notes of Dr . Isagani Cruz, twenty-eight September 2010. Articles/ Journals: Jane Uymatiao. Why we require DepEd’s K-12 Program, Weekend, 22 January 2012. Retrived from http://www. thepoc. net/commentaries/14612-why-we-need-depeds-k-12-program. html (Accessed 15 March 2012) May well Padre. Pros & Disadvantages in the K+12 Basic Education Debate, March 14, 2010. Retrived coming from http://mlephil. wordpress. com/2010/10/14/pros-cons-of-the-k12-debate/ (Accesed 14 March 2012) Jonathan Plucker. Concerns as Possibilities: Problem – based learningforK-12education. Retrievedfrom http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_hb6470/is_1_22/ai_n28742235/ (Accessed 14 March 2012) Junifen Farreneheit. Gauuan. K+12 Policy Platform: Pessimistic, Hopeful or Genuine?, March 21, 2011. Recovered from http://www. aldersgate-college. com/news/high-school/k12-policy-framework-pessimistic-optimistic-or-realistic/ (Accessed six March 2012) K-12 Concern to Philippine Tertiary Education. Retrieved via http://rodrigo75. wordpress. com/2011/04/19/k-12-challenge-to-philippine-tertiary-education/ (Accessed 29 March 2012). Sarah Katrina Maramag. Proposed K12 Basic Education System inside the Philippines, Is a K-12 unit good for the Philippine Education System?, by means of Philippine On the web Chronicles. Retrived from http://blogwatch. tv/2011/05/proposed-k-12-basic-education-system-in-the-philippines/ (Accessed 10 Drive 2012) Virnads. K12 inside the Philippines: A Reform or Deform. Manila Philippines, Summer 13, 2011. Retrieved via http://www. allvoices. com/contributed-news/9379822-k12-in-the-philippines-a-reform-or-deform (Accessed 12 Mar 2012).

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