Applications of 3g Technology in the Education Essay
Applying 3G technology in the Education sector: Perspective Bangladesh ABSTRACT: Bangladesh lately touched a fresh milestone in Information and Communication Technology with the inauguration of commercial assessment of Third Generation (3G) services through the state-run cellular service provider Teletalk. Teletalk can distribute 500, 000 (4lacs) 3G-enabled SIMs’ for the capital Dhaka mainly. 3G should open new windows to get mobile phone users. It’s a huge leap pertaining to Bangladesh. The advantages of 3-G services include faster info connectivity this means one can down load faster and web surfing will be a many more fun. It will give uninterrupted video internet streaming on telephones, enable online video calls and massive MMSs, therefore facilitating optimum usage of info intensive applications which will build a mutual link between the education system of worldwide ground and Bangladesh. This kind of paper assess how 3-G can be successfully used in education in Bangladesh. Understanding the effects of 3-G, especially in education, could be viewed as strategically essential for Bangladesh moving forward since the country may enter a new epoch through wider usage of 3G. Pedagogues will have central roles to play in currently taking education forwards through the use of 3-G and the approach ICT is usually integrated in education. Two key areas will be resolved in this conventional paper: 1 . An analysis of 3G as well as its impact on teachers; and 2 . An evaluation with the students’ abilities to think vitally, especially when 3G is concerned. The hypothesis of the research work will find the maximum applications of 3G in the education sector of Bangladesh as the main element tools internet marketing the Digital Bangladesh. It can represent our modern education system which will be recognized international arena. To establish the hypothesis I facilitate qualitative and survey technique. This conventional paper is set in the context of Bangladeshi universities and colleges especially in Dhaka. The universites and colleges will be recognized through Purposive sampling. The important thing focus and emphasis of this paper can be on the adjustments of teaching and learning which will result from the applications of 3G. The conclusions may be used to enhance the applications of 3G in other sectors in Bangladesh. Keywords Applications, 3rd era technology, education sector, e-learning Introduction: Third generation (3G) has dominated this modern day world in just a decade. But in Bangladesh is it doesn't inception of 3G. The state-run cellular service Teletalk is providing this facility. Teletalk is releasing 400, 500 (4-lacs) 3G-enabled SIMs’ for the capital Dhaka primarily (www.bdnews24.com, 2012). 3G is supposed to open new glass windows for multimedia phone users. Using the 3G functions you will find already a lot of devices acquiring advantages. People can perform each of the functions within a 3G mobile phone. However , the speed, efficiency and connectivity will probably be better than ahead of. 3G technology offers all of us faster online connectivity, music entertainment with the highest quality and more quickly internet access. We could get different benefits just like quick and easy video calling, clearer conversation experiences and faster speeds when the two parties are utilizing 3G technology. Generally the 1st Generation (1G) of wireless technologies is used for the needs of voice solutions. The Second Era (2 G) started with digital content transportation but at low speeds. Standard Packet Car radio Switching (G. P. R. S) and Enhanced Info Rates Evolution (E. M. G. E) made it conceivable to run virtually any educational program at rates of speed of 128 Kbps (Kilo Bits Every Second) and 384 Killerbytes per second. It is the third generation (3 G) that made it likely to run the applications in incredible excessive bit costs at an cost-effective cost (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_mobile_phones). According to Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC), the overall number of cellphone users provides reached ninety-seven. 475 million at the end of November 2012. And the amount of internet clients has reached 29415. 693 thousand towards the end of September 2012 (http://www.btrc.gov.bd). Now-a-days pupils all over the world happen to be “digital natives”. They are developing up in a decidedly digital world. Digital learning trains students using the same technology they use for communication and entertainment outside school. Likewise the instructors are very much engage with technology. They provide their class supplies through internet. Many studies (Attewell, 2005; Murat et 's, 2008) have already shown that mobile technologies have extensive potential to improve teaching and learning throughout all education sectors. Their particular impact on college student behavior, excitement, motivation and progress is definitely well recorded, especially in a few conventional schools in the UK (Cook et approach. 2007). The National Training and Ruse Association as well as the U. H. Department of Education examined that, technology based instruction can reduce the time and college students take to reach a learning objective simply by 30 to 80 percent. In accordance to a meta- analysis and review of on-line learning research by the U. S. Section of Education, on average, students in on the web learning circumstances performed much better than those obtaining face-to-face training. (Means et al., 2009) The new technology 3G would bring a outstanding impact on monetary landscape of Bangladesh. It can create scopes for e-learning and telemedicine in rural areas. Though the high speed 3-G network pupils at rural schools and colleges may gather knowledge on diverse topics which practice can sharpen their very own knowledge and also increase fascination on regular education. (Singha, 2012) With this paper I examine how 3G can be effectively used in education in Bangladesh. Likewise understanding the effect of 3-G, especially in education, could be viewed as strategically essential for Bangladesh moving forward as the country can enter a new epoch through wider utilization of 3G. Educators will have central roles to experience in currently taking education forward through the use of 3-G and the way ICT is integrated in education. Two key areas address with this paper: 1 . An examination of 3-G and its effect on teachers; and 2 . An assessment of the students’ abilities to think critically, in particular when 3G is involved. The results will be provided within a comparison framework and an examination of the applying 3G amongst public and private colleges and universities instructors, students in Dhaka, Bangladesh. The hypothesis of this research work will find the maximum applications of 3G in the education sector of Bangladesh as the key equipment for being the Digital Bangladesh. Literature Review: The growth of 3G technology adoption in worldwide is usually steady now. A wide range of 3G diffusion amounts across the world. However in Bangladesh it is just a new dimension. In this regard, My spouse and i couldn’t discover any research in this particular field in Bangladesh. But I found a few 3G related researches in the outside world. The region of Asia trumped all others in 3G usage with near 52 percent of the world 3-G market share around in 2006 (ITU, 2006). Recently, Asia-Pacific was home to an estimated 158 million 3-G subscribers in 2008 and is expected to reach 564 , 000, 000 subscribers by 2013 (Suppiah, 2009). In the past, Korea, Italy, Japan, Italy and Hong Kong were the most notable five 3-G mobile financial systems in terms of 3G mobile transmission rate (ITU, 2006). In line with the official ITU report, while the number one 3-G nation, Korea, had a transmission rate as high as 25. 96 percent, the amount five region, Hong Kong, come to only about a third of Korea’s rate (8. 19 percent). It is noticeable that there are significant regional differences in the number of 3G subscribers. Although close to half the 3G clients are located around Asia, less than thirteen percent of them are in Europe. Pew Research Center’s Internet & American Lifestyle Project detects that almost a third of American adults have got used mobile phones to access the internet, and 19% of study respondents had used a smartphone or other cellphone to access the net the day ahead of the survey (Horrigan, 2009). Pew Research located that for individuals ages 18-29, access to information on-the-go is a more important part of mobile technology (60%) than staying in feel with other folks (57%). Teenagers are somewhat less likely to visit online than using mobile phones than adults or undergrad students, with only 27% reporting that they can access the world wide web from their mobile phones. Older teens, who have more disposable salary to pay for cellular internet on-line, are more likely to get the internet from mobile devices than younger young adults (Lenhart, Ling, Campbell, & Purcell, Kristen, 2010). Sakulsri Srisaracam, a lecturer in the Faculty of Communication Artistry, Dhurakij Pundit University, declared that with the 3-G network, we will have an education just about everywhere at any time situation. Lecturers and students will be always connected. They can down load content, books, and learning applications quickly onto all their mobile devices. They also can interact and keep in touch with the professors. (The Country, 2012) He also added if academics can develop ground breaking learning, which encourages and engages pupils to stay connected with learning via mobile devices, the 3G network will show very useful. Mana Treelayapewat, deputy leader of Mass Communication Faculty at University or college of Thai Chamber of Commerce, stated that 3G network availability will be good for education as it might help improve online learning with greater rate, especially if 3G network may reach the full country. It helps bridge the gap in education of urban and rural learners. (The Land, 2012) EDUCAUSE surveyed undergraduate students relating to their make use of internet applying mobile devices. They found that half of the pupil respondents own a mobile system that can gain access to the internet, nevertheless only one third of the students actually access the internet out of this device (Smith et ing., 2009) Cell phone connections use the user’s cellular network to access the internet. Cellular connections works extremely well wherever the user has a phone signal, although often by slower speeds than WiFi networks. Many cellular connections currently use 3G technology, though service providers (and devices) are beginning to transition to 4G systems. Sprint’s HTC Evo released in Mar 2010 is definitely the first 4G capable phone in the United States, even though a good percentage of the country does not include 4G network access however (Barrett, 2010). 4G systems are expected being twice as quickly as 3-G (German, 2010), which takes possibilities for the purpose of Smaller mobile net use and more reliable online video streaming without relying on Wireless connections. People spend time on the mobile net accessing web portals and social networks or perhaps blogs. Using portals provides decreased by simply double numbers, but online networking has increased significantly (Nielsen Wire, 2010). Naveed Siraj Country Administrator Intel Pakistan said education needs could possibly be facilitated to masses through 3G-technology like its expected benefits to be able to sectors later on. The education modification is inescapable with the accessibility to relevant articles for studies and on the other hand mobile phones and tablets are inside the reach of masses to connect with the world of information. (The Lahore Instances, 2012) The attitudes, abilities, and manners of the faculty members related to their IT use by a large Canadian research university. (Anderson ou al., 1998) Based on Roger’s two major adopter types, they identified the faculty members since “earlier adopters” and “mainstream faculty” and provided methods for reducing the gap among these two groupings. (Roger, 1995) Rogers likewise added that mainstream faculty used details technologies for research and professional connection applications. But their adoption of the applications in teaching was very low. Because of this, Rogers recommended that to improve mainstream faculty’s adoption of computer technologies for educational purposes, the incentives, schooling programs, and barriers must be taken into account in comprehensive adoption strategies. Carter conducted a pc survey and in-depth interviews to determine computer-based technologies which were being used by faculty associates and the factors that affect their make use of these technologies. Faculty attitudes toward applying computer-based technology, support, assets, and teaching were the chosen factors had to use these kinds of technologies successfully. (Carter, 1998) The Technology Acceptance Style (TAM) continues to be considered the most useful for forecasting the acceptance of information technology in customer context. The theoretical constructs of TAM consist of two basic determinants for attitudes to use a particular system: identified usefulness and perceived ease of use. (Davis ainsi que al., 1989) Susan ou al. analyzed students’ perceptions and their acknowledgement of putting into action a notebook program by adopting Technology Acceptance Unit (TAM) because the theoretical framework. (Susan et 's., 2006) Cheong and Playground adopted a great extend W TAMTYM MIEJSCU model to learn consumer’s determinant of acceptance behaviors in using the cellular internet. (Cheong and Playground, 2005) The factors influencing students’ behavioral intention to work with mobile learning based mainly on the TAM. (Park ou al., 2011 and Fadare et 's., 2011) Various kinds of studies had been conducted to know the factors affecting 3G adoption until now. In the research of Phuangthong and Malisawan, primarily aims to examine the factors affecting the user usage in mobile phone learning of 3G mobile phone Internet technology in Thailand by using W TAMTYM MIEJSCU. (Phuangthong and Malisawan, 2005) According to the study, user acceptance can be examined by simply attitude towards use and intention to use, rather than real use because 3G technology. Research Strategies: To find the applications of 3G technology in education sector, We conduct systematic comparative research through review and qualitative method. Essentially survey approach focuses to further improve quality and reducing cost. It looks for to ensure guidelines about the design, collection, finalizing and analysis of study in connection to the cost and quality of survey estimates. As Lines and others said that, “survey strategy is both equally a clinical field and a profession. Portion of the task of the survey methodologist is producing a large pair of decisions regarding thousands of individual features of a survey to be able to improve that. ” (Groves et 's., 2009) The researchers usually use qualitative method as their research goal. Through the approach data are available in a variety of varieties, such as notes made whilst observing during a call, interview transcripts, documents, schedules, and journals. According to Wimmer and Dominick, “qualitative researchers use an inductive technique: Data happen to be collected highly relevant to some matter and are assembled into appropriate and significant categories; answers emerge from the info. ” (Wimmer & Dominick, 2011) To conduct this study My spouse and i took 75 respondents. In the beginning I selected the sample through stratified sampling on the basis of teachers and students, universites and colleges. In this regard My spouse and i picked two colleges and two schools in Dhaka. Two colleges are Birsrestho Nur Muhammad Public College and Dhaka City University. And two universities are Dhaka University or college and Daffodil International College or university. In every company I had taken five participants from educators and 20 from students. So the amounts of the professors are twenty and the amounts of students are 80. “A stratified test is the way used to get adequate representation of any subsample. You will of the subsample (strata or perhaps segment) can include almost any varying: age, sexuality, religion, salary level, or maybe individuals who pay attention to specific r / c or browse certain magazines. … Stratified sampling makes sure that a sample can be drawn from a homogeneous subset of the population—that is, from a human population that has identical characteristics. ” (Wimmer & Dominick, 2011, p-98) After i collect my data I took my own respondents through random sample. Randomly I actually picked 12 teachers by two colleges and 15 from the universities. And I got 80 college students, 40 college students from two colleges and another 45 from two universities. “The most basic sort of probability sample is the simple random test, where every subject, element, event, or unit in the population comes with an equal chance of being picked. ” (Wimmer & Dominick, 2011) He added that the most widely used random sampling technique is a subject or perhaps unit is usually drawn from the population and taken from subsequent choices without substitute. In this research when I obtained data coming from 100 participants of those universites and colleges, each teacher and college student in the inhabitants has an equal chance of getting selected. Crucial Framework: From this study I followed the “Diffusion of Innovation Model” provided by communication scholar and sociologist Everett M. Rogers. Diffusion is the process by which an creativity is conveyed through certain channels with time among the users of a interpersonal system (Rogers, 2003). He added that, the study of the diffusion of innovations began during World War II, prior to the establishment of conversation study in university educational institutions and departments. To an specific or additional unit of adoption an innovation is definitely an idea, practice, or thing perceived as new. The konzentrationsausgleich process commonly involves equally mass media and interpersonal conversation channels. And, in today’s world, information technologies including the Internet and cell phones – which incorporate aspects of mass media and interpersonal channels, represent formidable equipment of diffusion (Morris & Ogan, 1996). Most of the observers agree that the diffusion of innovations is fundamentally a communication process; communication scholars constitute merely one of the number of research practices presently improving the diffusion field (along with location, education, promoting, public health, rural sociology, gardening economics, basic economics, political science, and others). Other communication exploration areas just like persuasion and attitude transform and mass communication results also began prior to the institutionalization of connection study in university models (Rogers, 62, 1983, 1995; 2003; Singhal & Dearing, 2006). For convenience understand diffusion analysis results, the continuous variable of innovations is often broken into adopter types, such as trailblazers, early adopters, early majority, late the greater part, and laggards (Rogers, 1983). Rogers’ diffusion of enhancements theory is among the most appropriate for examining the ownership of technology in degree and educational surroundings (Medlin, 2001; Parisot, 1995). In fact , very much diffusion study involves technologies so Rogers usually applied the word “technology” and “innovation” as alternatives. For Rogers, “a technology is a design and style for a key component action that reduces the uncertainty inside the cause-effect relationships involved in obtaining a preferred outcome” (Rogers, 2003, p-13). In this examine purpose My spouse and i took the first ‘innovators’. According to Rogers, innovators had been willing to knowledge new ideas. Thus, they should be prepared to cope with unprofitable and unsuccessful improvements, and a certain level of concern about the innovation. (Rogers, 2003) Also, Rogers added that trailblazers are the gatekeepers bringing the development in from outside of the device. Technology usage process inaugurates with a little number of experienced, imaginative innovators. They often magnificent great time, strength and creativeness on developing new concepts and devices. And they love to talk about all of them. Diffusion of innovations exploration promises to improve our comprehension of how social change happens, a fundamental concern for all scholars of culture. What is the role of technology in bringing about cultural change? A great way to find out can be through diffusion research, a micro level type of study of the macro level concern of social change. Academic interest in new communication solutions by connection students provides given an exclusive boost to interest in konzentrationsausgleich research in recent years. There is no cause to expect which the scholarly demand for diffusion research by connection (and other) scholars will certainly decrease in the foreseeable future. Innovative developments continue to be produced and researched. Meyer, G. (2004). Cellular phone
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