Links Between Personality and Health Essay
The importance of understanding the links among personality and health will be being more and more recognized in the scientific and psychological culture, over the years exploration and theoretical advances have begun to discover that personality can have an impact on health, whether good or bad. Health issues can be a reason behind many factors that may be biological, psychological, environmental or even sociological. Suggesting that illnesses happen to be related to more biological infectious diseases such as Tuberculosis, pneumonia, influenza, and so forth of which throughout the 1900вЂ™s had been major killers within traditional western societies. (Stroebe, 2000) However as drugs understanding of these diseases grew and as vaccines and remedies were made obtainable the major culprit for death was no for a longer time of a solely biological characteristics. By the season 2000 the major killers had been taking the type of cardiovascular diseases which include coronary heart disease(CHD), High blood pressure, and cancer, (American Heart Connection, 1999) that have many internal, environmental and behavioral links, and most notably links to fret and how the body copes when experiencing that. SelyeвЂ™s three stages from the general adaptation syndrome (1976) can be straight linked to the over and have on many occasions been connected to persona and its results on overall health. These innovations have caused in the creation of вЂHealth psychology, вЂ™ as analysts in this discipline evaluate and study the web link between the mind and body, and how the planet may have an impact on these to produce illness or well being. The following essay will translate work written by professionals inside the field of Health Mindset and offer evidence of how Persona can influence health, with reference to research and theories, also to highlight personalityвЂ™s role in Coronary Heart disease and cancer. The result of anxiety on an individualвЂ™s physical overall health can include very serious implications if the bodyвЂ™s response to the strain is over turned on. The continuous arousal of the sympathetic program and the well known adrenal cortical program can cause major damage to the arteries and organs, however long term stress can have an impact on the bodyвЂ™s immune system, cutting down its capability to fight off disorders, this particular idea has had a lot of links to the advancement cancer. (Taylor, 1986) The links involving the ideas that stress influences health is linked to the individualвЂ™s personality. Finally the concept is that challenging conditions produce anxiety, and that particular individuals that end up with a particular personality are poor at dealing with stress, normally, this is associated with nature and particular coping skills. Studies in to the effects of вЂHardinessвЂ™ by Kobasa, (1979); Kobasa, Maddi and Kahn, (1982) have shown that men with had Substantial levels of pressure yet low occurrences of illness differed from the ones that had become sick during stress filled events. The web link seems logical as those that had much less illnesses acquired felt as though they had even more control and commitment within their lives and seeing particular situations including losing a job, being a challenge rather than setback, signifying that those persons would be able to convert what could have been a stressful situation into their benefits. This particular research was only conducted about males, on the other hand and substitute study showed similar results when conducted about females. ( Wiebe and McCallum, 1986) An alternative to theory to the Hardiness scale is definitely the Type A personality type that has experienced links to CHD and also other heart problems. Physicians believe the traits of a Type A character tend to become, aggressiveness, outright anger and often a great over involvement in work. The individuals that generally exhibit this type of behavior tend to be incredibly competitive and frequently find it difficult to relax. (Friedman and Rosenman, 1974) In comparison with type A, Type B persons are those that usually do not show the features of a Type A person. They can unwind and operate without a a sense of urgency; they are less likely to be agitated or perhaps angry. The Biological interconnection between Type A people and coronary heart disease shows that the individualвЂ™s sympathetic stressed system responds to stress within a maladaptive way. Most people when exposed to stressors such as high demands at the office, feel angry, or agitated yet to not the level to which it could possibly cause virtually any long term problems, as they are not really prolonged and easily returned into a normal state, however someone with a type A character would display a much higher increase in stress and heartrate. The sympathetic nervous program on a Type A specific would be вЂHyper-responsiveвЂ™ to stressors. The theory is the fact all of these mental and physiological changes destruction the heart. (Manuck and Kranz, 1986) In relation to the above mentioned there have been a large number of large scale studies that suggest that there are greater varieties of risk factors than just CHD, Such as smoking, and obesity. (Rosenman, 1975) habits shown simply by research shows that it is not always the individuals traits just like high aspirations and the have to work, rather the adverse emotions that the Type A personality has such as anger are seen since the main culprits for the health problems. Friedman and RosenmanвЂ™s Western collaborative group research was the longitudinal study of 3534 men, between the ages of 39 and fifty nine. Each individual was medically reviewed and offered a class of either Type A or perhaps itвЂ™s different Type B, it was located that 53 per cent with the participants had been Type A and the relax Type B. (Rosenman, 1964) After a great 8. five year followup results got shown that Type A men had experienced higher numbers of CHD in comparison with Type B during the period of the study. Coinciding studies including the Framingham Study (Haynes ou al, 1978) and the British Regional Center study (Jognston et 's, 1987) investigated the link between Type A and CHD, each examine showed larger numbers of CHD (both MI man Angina) among Type A women and men.
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