History revision Essay
History- What historians chose to translate from the making it through evidence of the past Source & Historians = Histories Every historians get their own sights and hobbies due to their parental input hence that the process of selection and interpretation distorts our ‘knowledge’ further. Concerns in historiography Training of historians Objectivity in history Mouth societies and history Challenges of famous research Widespread history Evidence- selection Source- How? Truth- Consensuses Context/ Perspectives Selection- Who makes a decision? Interpretation Version Ideology- Reputation, perspective, emerging ideas, lack of evidence Terminology and technique- To place emphasis and how historians chose to declare Methodology- How a way you put the resources? (cross-examine, verification) Facts of all time History by ‘above or below’ Objective Judgement- In whose? Audience Linguistics History and Ideology- Political beliefs effect Explicit vs . Implicit Some thing clearly or implied Type of literature- poetry, speech “What are traditional facts? ” – Carl Becker 1 ) History is definitely subjective- personal desires and prejudices (history changes along with society’s values) installment payments on your History is interpreted in another way between people (interpreting what in the past is usually though) 3. History may not be re-enacted being a series of situations 4. Record is created on how much the Historian can draw out from the evidence and his knowledge- background, target audience, purpose, motive. 5. Record is pre-occupied with ‘cold’ and ‘hard’ facts but not small details (the apparent history) Example: Herodotus The historian Given birth to at Halicarnassus (485 BC – 425 BC) Expatriate due to conspiring against Persians Merchant and traveller Greek Historian May not be free form prejudice (critical judgement) Educated (upper class) Controlled ill emotions towards Persian Motive and Purpose pertaining to Writing “These are the researches of Herodotus of Halicarnassus, which he publishes, in the hope of thereby preserving from corrosion the memories of what men have carried out, and of preventing the great and wonderful actions of the Greeks and the foreign people from dropping their thanks need of glory; and also to put on record what were their grounds of feud” To remember To preserve the memory from the past simply by putting on record the unbelievable achievements both of his and also other people plus more particularly. Showing how they enter into conflict To record the “glory” of Greeks To record stories even where truth is difficult (fantasises, legends) Inspired simply by Home and Hecateus Strategy and Approach Witness accounts Values Studies Sources Passions Viewpoints Evidence Books Entertainment Evidence Observations The Mind Inquiries Language and elegance (words search phrase chosen, messages, audience) Long term Generations People’s viewpoint/ model Memories Thoughts Rumours Statements Honour Residence and Hecateus Orally- amusing Conflicting accounts Type of History Anthropology- study of mankind Ethnology Practices, cultures and religious stories- oracles, miracles, marvels, dreams, myths, omens, sacrifices, prophecies, fables Societies- common methods Orators, politicians, demagogues, challenges and players Polyphonic Made and documented Books- traditions, legends, history and tradition (The Histories) War between Persia and Portugal Social and literary narrative Similar function style coming from predecessors (Homer and Hecateus: oral historians) Knowledge by his intensive travels Contacted witnesses and examined whenever feasible and dreams, oracles and portents His opinion upon plausible reports from implausible ones Objective of posting hence being bias (perspective) Poetry (exaggeration) Impact of the historian about historiography Arranged a ‘standard’ no matter what (guidelines and rules) Creation of Western historical writing Contain everything/ every person Based on research Establishes famous writing as freely monetary, political and diplomatic, interpersonal, sexual, religious, military or perhaps naval Record as a field (social, ethnic, gendered, religious, political, armed forces An query, question, inquiry, interrogation Storytelling and discipline Daddy of history and lies Determines history like a mode of storytelling Post modernism Language Commemorative Work intervention Ancient greek pride Devoted Remembrance Point of view of elite Greek culture Broad Point of view Plethora Circumstance Study- Thucydides The historian 460BC- 4 hundred BC Top-notch, wealthy, male Early army career was cut short due to problem in Athens One of Athens’ ten generals Failing to save lots of Amphipholis, this individual spends twenty years in relegation. He went back at 404 BC. This individual has the chance to travel to both sides during the Peloponnesian War Regarding the sophists- uses discussions and unsupported claims to argue issues Sceptical and rational Objective and Goal for Publishing “My work is not only a piece of writing created to meet the taste of an immediate public, unfortunately he done to previous for ever” “I include written my personal work, quite a bit less an dissertation which is to win the applause of the minute, but as a possession for a lot of time” Had written the history of the war involving the Peloponnesians as well as the Athenians “that it would be an excellent war and even more worthy of relationship than any kind of that experienced preceded it” Does not glorify war To record Method and Approach High value upon eyewitness tales Episodes of himself participating Consulted written documents Selection interviews of individuals Does not understand divine interventions Modern historical objectivity Chronology- summers and winters Debates that this individual records Coming from memory Razor-sharp analysis of causes and effects Vocabulary and Style (words and phrases picked, speeches, audience) To last through the age ranges Prose literature Speeches- brings realism Cross-examination Validity of their ideas in logic and rational pondering Debates Honnete Type of Background Political and military background Detailed writing of armed service, naval battles, preparation pertaining to battles, motivating speeches by simply generals, effects and implications of warfare Peloponnesians War Events (no arts, books or society) War of Greeks- arguments, colonies, war, envoys Fast moving, precise, directed, decisive, properly structured and highly a fortiori Strict chronological method Monologic Constructed and recorded Sophist’s speeches (used debates and arguments and counter debate, view and counter perspective, opinion and counter opinion) Objective Book- History of the Peloponnesian War Headlined and narrow events- military and political and diplomatic Impact of the vem som st?r on historiography Invention of the chronological way Developed a knowledge of being human explaining behaviors in these kinds of crises (plagues, massacres and civil war) instead in divine treatment History will be based upon logic and rational reasons and thinking Increased of accuracy and reliability of sources Well-defined analysis of causes and effect Father of “scientific history”- stringent standard of evidence gathering and examining of proof History was to learn from yesteryear therefore producing better decisions in the future Didactic- to teach Terminology Rhetoric of uncertainty with phrases like Devoted in evoking in depth Focus on an excellent historical period, a period of war Analytical No criticisms Refers to an interpretation Innovative Critical Universe history Case Study- Horrible Histories, Teary Deary Aim/ purpose: Entertainment, monetary, children’s interest in record Motive: Help to make a statement (anti-authority & context) as school interest in history is weak Methodology: Consults historians (record, writing, collecting) Have specialist actors Scripts (Performance) Series on Television (BBC) Language/ design: Colourful shiny colours Within a humorous method “Stories about people, in dramatic situations, with jokes” Gags Creativeness Impact: Refocus the presentation of history to young children Coming from being dry and dull to with humour History is now acceptable to be displayed on TV for the children Information of the past has changed dramatically Case Study- Bede
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