Ferdinand de Saussure Essay

Ferdinand de Saussure Essay

•The origin of Language •Features of Vocabulary •Knowledge of Language •Linguistics •Branches of Linguistics •Approaches to Linguistic Studies •Schools of Linguistics THE ORIGIN OF LANGUAGE •The divine source •The natural sound supply o Ancient words o Cuckoo, little, rattle, fizzle wheeze whistle snuffle, buzz o“Bow-wow theory of language source. ” •The social discussion source •The physical edition source •The tool-making origin •The hereditary source oChild development è Automatic oDeaf children è Fluent users of sign language è innateness hypothesis oWe happen to be born with a capacity for speaking/using language •(See Yule, Ch. 1; Fromkin et ing., Ch. 6) MAJOR FEATURES OF HUMAN DIALECT KNOWLEDGE OF TERMINOLOGY •“I understand English. ” •Produce specific sounds and combining these people (Phonetics & Phonology); •Form and separating words (Morphology); •Combine these words into phrases and sentences (Syntax); •Understand this is of phrases, phrases and utterances (Semantics); •Use the chinese language appropriately in different contexts (Pragmatics). Language is definitely an irrelavent and unpredictable set of vocal symbols which are cognitively created, and socially used for individual natural conversation. Linguistic understanding is knowledge about language which can be acquired without conscious thought. LINGUISTICS • Linguistics is a scientific or logical study of any feature and real estate of terminology including the impacts of dialect on any kind of sphere of life. DIVISIONS OF LINGUISTICS •MICRO-LINGUISTICS? Phonetics (Fonetik)? Phonology (Ses Bilimi)? Morphology (Dil Bilimi)? Syntax (Söz dizimi)? Semantics (Anlam Bilim) •MACRO-LINGUISTICS? Pragmatics? Sociolinguistics? Historical-linguistics? Psycholinguistics? Neurolinguistics? Anthropological Linguistics? Utilized Linguistics METHODS TO LINGUISTIC STUDIES •Descriptive-Prescriptive •Diachronic-Synchronic •Reference Grammar •Teaching Grammar •Theoretical Grammar SCHOOLS OF LINGUISTICS Classic Linguistics •Based on examine of Latina •Applied to other different languages, e. g. English, French •19th C. Jacob Grimm, Max Müller, Henry Fairly sweet Structural Linguistics •Ferdinand Para Saussure •Linguistics features while abstract system governing talk •Chomsky •Every language has a finite pair of rules to make infinite number of sentences; • Phrase structure rules and generative rules; •Deep structure and surface area structure; •Structure over meaning; •Competence and gratification.

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