Carl rogers Essay

Carl rogers Essay

Carl Rogers (1902-1987) was a humanistic psychologist who have agreed with the main presumptions of Abraham Maslow, yet added that for a person to “grow”, they need an environment that provides these genuineness (openness and self-disclosure), acceptance (being seen with unconditional positive regard), and empathy (being listened to and understood). Without these, relationships and healthy personalities will not develop as they should, very much like a shrub will not develop without sunlight and normal water. Rogers believed that every person can achieve all their goals, desires and wants in life. The moment, or rather if perhaps they did so , self actualization took place. This was one of Carl Rogers most crucial contributions to psychology as well as for a person to reach their very own potential several factors should be satisfied. Carl Rogers assumed that to get a person to attain self-actualization they need to be in a situation of convenance. This means that self-actualization occurs when a person’s “ideal self” (i. e. who also they would like to be) is congruent with their actual behavior (self-image). Rogers describes an individual who can be actualizing being a fully operating person.  The main determinant of whether all of us will become self-actualized is child years experience. The Fully Working Person Rogers believed that every person may achieve all their goals desires, and wishes in life. After they did so self-actualization took place. Pertaining to Rogers (1961) people who are ready be self-actualize, and that is not every of us, these are known as fully working persons. Because of this the person is touch with all the here and now, her or his subjective experiences and thoughts, continually developing and changing. In many ways Rogers regarded the fully working person because an ideal and one that people do not eventually achieve. It is wrong to think of this as an end or completion of life’s journey; alternatively it is a process of always turning into and changing. Rogers discovered five characteristics of the totally functioning person: 1 . Accessible to experience: both positive and negative thoughts accepted. Negative feelings are generally not denied, but worked through (rather than resort to spirit defence mechanisms). 2 . Existential living: touching different experience as they occur in life, avoiding prejudging and preconceptions. To be able to live and fully prefer the present, never looking returning to the past or forward to the near future (i. electronic. living pertaining to the moment). 3. Trust feelings: sense, instincts and gut-reactions will be paid attention to and trusted. People’s own decisions are the proper ones and that we should trust ourselves to make the right alternatives. 4. Creative imagination: creative thinking and risk choosing are features of a person’s life. Person does not enjoy safe all the time. This involves the ability to adjust and change and seek new experience. 5. Fulfilled life: person is cheerful and satisfied with life, and looking for fresh challenges and experiences. For Rogers, fully functioning people are well altered, well balanced and interesting to find out. Often these kinds of people are high achievers in society. Critics claim that the fully operating person is known as a product of Western tradition. In other nationalities, such as Asian cultures, the achievement from the crew is highly valued more extremely than the success of anybody person. Persona Development Central to Rogers’ personality theory is the notion of do it yourself or self-concept. This is thought as “the arranged, consistent pair of perceptions and beliefs regarding oneself”. The self is the humanistic term for who we really are as a person. The self is the inner character, and can be compared to the heart, or Freud’s psyche. The self can be influenced by experiences a person has in their life, and out interpretations of those experience. Two major sources that influence each of our self-concept happen to be childhood experiences and evaluation by others. According to Rogers (1959), we want to experience, experience and behave in manners which are consistent with our self-image and which will reflect whatever we would like to end up like, our ideal-self. The better our self-image and ideal-self are to each other, the more constant or congruent we are plus the higher each of our sense of self-worth. You happen to be said to be in a state of incongruence if perhaps some of the wholeness of their experience is unacceptable to all of them and is denied or distorted in the self-image. The humanistic approach states that the personal is composed of concepts unique to ourselves. The self-concept includes three pieces: Self really worth (or self-esteem) – what we should think about themselves. Rogers thought feelings of self-worth produced in early years as a child and were formed from your interaction with the child with all the mother and father. Self-image – The way you see ourself, which is crucial to good psychological health. Self-image includes the influence of your body image in inner character. At a simple level, we would perceive ourself as a good or bad person, beautiful or unpleasant. Self-image posseses an affect on how a person thinks feels and acts in the world. Best self – This is the individual that we would like to become. It contains our desired goals and plans in life, and is dynamic – i. at the. forever changing. The ideal self in child years is not really the ideal do it yourself in our teens or overdue twenties etc . Self Well worth and Confident Regard Carl Rogers (1951) viewed your child as having two simple needs: confident regard from all other people and self-worth. The way you think about yourself, our thoughts of self-worth are of fundamental importance both to psychological health insurance and to the likelihood that we is capable of goals and ambitions in life and obtain self-actualization. Self-worth may be seen as a continuum coming from very high to very low. For Carl Rogers (1959) an individual who has excessive self-worth, that is, has self confidence and confident feelings about the man or her self, faces challenges anytime, accepts failing and unhappiness at times, and it is open with people. A person with low self-worth might avoid difficulties in life, not accept that life could be painful and unhappy sometimes, and will be defensive and guarded to people. Rogers believed feelings of self-worth developed at the begining of childhood and were shaped from the conversation of the kid with the father and mother. As a child grows older, communications with significant others can affect thoughts of self-worth. Rogers thought that we should be regarded absolutely by others; we need to experience valued, well known, treated with affection and loved. Confident regard is usually to do with how other folks evaluate and judge all of us in social interaction. Rogers made a distinction between unconditional great regard and conditional great regard. Complete, utter, absolute, wholehearted positive consider is where parents, significant others (and the humanist therapist) allows and loves the person so that he or she is. Confident regard is definitely not withdrawn if the person does something wrong or makes a mistake. The results of unconditional positive respect are that the person seems free to make an effort things away and make mistakes, even though this may lead to getting it worse at times. People who find themselves able to self-actualize are more likely to have received unconditional positive regard by others, especially their parents in years as a child. Conditional confident regard is usually where great regard, praise and approval, depend upon your child, for example , performing in ways which the parents believe correct. Consequently the child can be not loved for the individual he or she is, yet on condition that he or she reacts only in ways approved by the parent(s). On the extreme, an individual who constantly attempts approval from all other people is likely to be only to have noticed conditional great regard as a child. Congruence A person’s suitable self might not be consistent with what actually occurs in life and experiences from the person. Hence, a difference may exist between a person’s ideal do it yourself and real experience. This can be called incongruence. Where a person’s ideal do it yourself and actual experience happen to be consistent or very similar, a state of justesse exists. Almost never, if ever does a total state of convenance exist; everyone experience a certain amount of incongruence. The development of congruence relies on complete, utter, absolute, wholehearted positive regard. Carl Rogers believed that for a person to achieve self-actualization they must maintain a state of congruence. Relating to Rogers, we want to truly feel, experience and behave in manners which are consistent with our self-image and which in turn reflect that which we would like to wind up as, our ideal-self. The deeper our self-image and ideal-self are to each other, the greater consistent or congruent our company is and the larger our sense of self-worth. A person is considered in a state of incongruence if a number of the totality of their experience can be unacceptable to them which is denied or perhaps distorted inside the self-image. Incongruence is “a discrepancy involving the actual experience of the patient and the self-picture of the individual insofar as it signifies that experience. Even as we prefer to find ourselves in ways that are in line with our self-image, we may make use of defense mechanisms like denial or perhaps repression in order to feel significantly less threatened simply by some of what we consider to be our undesired feelings. A person whose self-concept can be incongruent with her or his genuine feelings and experiences can defend since the truth is painful. Carl Rogers Quotes “When I go through the world I’m pessimistic, but when I look at people My spouse and i am hopeful. ” “The very importance of the innovative is it is novelty, and hence we have no standard in which to judge it” (Rogers, 61, p. 351). “I have gradually arrive to one unfavorable conclusion about the good lifestyle. It seems to me that the very good life is no fixed express. It is not, in my estimation, a state of virtue, or contentment, or elysee, or pleasure. It is not a problem in which the individual is adjusted or fulfilled or actualized. To use mental terms, it is far from a state of drive-reduction, or tension-reduction, or homeostasis” (Rogers, 1967, p. 185-186). “The good a lot more a process, not a state of being. It is a path not a destination” (Rogers, 1967, p. 187). References Rogers, C. (1951). Client-centered Therapy: Its Current Practice, Implications and Theory. London: Policier. Rogers, C. (1959). A Theory of Therapy, Persona and Sociable Relationships since Developed in the Client-centered Structure. In (ed. ) T. Koch, Psychology: A Study of the Science. Volume. 3: Preparations of the Person and the Interpersonal Context. New York: McGraw Hill. Rogers, C. R. (1961). On Learning to be a Person-A Psychotherapists View of Psychotherapy. Rogers, C. R., Stevens, B., Gendlin, At the. T., Shlien, J. M., & Truck Dusen, Watts. (1967). Individual to individual: The problem of being human: A new trend in psychology. Lafayette, CA: Real persons Press.

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