Guidelines for Writing the Three Major Parts of the Literature Review Essay

Guidelines for Writing the Three Major Parts of the Literature Review Essay

The introductory section should identify the topic (problem area, guiding concept, motif or study question or problem) that is certainly being analyzed. Aim for an “eye finding opening sentence”. Sometimes this is a dramatic expression of a number to catch the reader’s focus such as the prevalence of a disease, crime level, school drop-out rate, or sales volume level. Be sure the topic is focused for the literature that is to be reported. Briefly define the real key concepts. Present these right away. The topic must be sufficiently targeted to permit a great in-depth, considerable investigation, strongly related an area of advanced study/global leadership that guides a variety of inquiry, results in an extensive search of scholarly books, and generation of inquiries for further request. The purpose of a literature assessment is provided in the introduction. Bourner (1996) reports the next Purposes – of a literature review – (reasons for any review of the literature) before embarking on a research project. These kinds of reasons incorporate: • to spot gaps in the literature • to stop reinventing the wheel (at the very least this will likely save as well as it can stop you from making similar mistakes while others) • to carry on coming from where others have already come to (reviewing the field allows you to build on the platform of existing knowledge and ideas) • to identify others working in similar fields (a researcher network is a important resource) • to increase your breadth expertise of your area of interest • to recognize seminal works in your area • to provide the intellectual context for your own function, enabling you to placement your project relative to other function • to recognize opposing opinions • to put your work into perspective • to demonstrate that you could access previous work in the • to identify information and ideas that may be relevant to building your project • to recognize methods that may be relevant to building Bourner, T. (1996). The study process: 4 steps to achievement in Capital t. Greenfield (Ed. ), Analysis methods: Guidance for postgraduates (pp. 7-11). Birmingham: Arnold. Gathered 8-13-02 from Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology RMIT University http://www. lib. rmit. edu. au/tutorials/literature/litrev. html As you attempt to determine concepts (variables) and their relationships to various other variables, in the event that applicable, identify causal (independent) variables and effects (dependent variables). You can even identify various other variables that could be contextual, intervening, or mediating (see Creswell, pp. 94-95 or other texts). After you introduce the topic area properly (instructions follow), you will build a succinct one-sentence purpose of the review. Three examples of a concluding purpose statement in the overview will be: Example you: The purpose of this review is always to critically analyze the assumptive and empirical literature about web-based training as an instructional approach in range education, with an emphasis on effectiveness research that concentrate on instructional success, student learning outcomes, retention, student awareness of this way of course delivery, and to recognize areas of foreseeable future scholarly inquiry. In this case, the causal variable (independent) is “instructional method of web-based instruction” as well as the effects (dependent variable) will be instructional effectiveness, student learning outcomes, preservation, and scholar perceptions. Example 2: The objective of this important analysis of theoretical and empirical materials is to (a) examine traditional and current literature to judge whether gender workplace bias exists; (b) explore the effect such a bias might have on ladies in the workplace, particularly women moving up the corporate corporate; and, (c) identify virtually any theoretical or empirical gaps in the literary works for the purpose of indicating future regions of scholarly inquiry. In this example, the causal variable (independent) is “gender bias against women in the workplace” plus the effect (dependent variable) is mobility in the corporate corporate. Example several (Review carefully): The purpose of this kind of critical research of assumptive and scientific literature is usually explore the influence of organizational leadership and other elements on organizational performance, in for-profit and not-for income service businesses, and to identify areas of long term scholarly query. In this case, the causal variables (independent) are “organizational leadership” and “other factors”, contextual (intervening or mediating) variables are the type of business (product vs service) and profit/non-profit, and the effect (dependent variable) is usually organizational functionality. Please note in developing your purpose declaration, that the purpose statement commences with The aim of …. and concludes using a statement relevant to identifying upcoming areas of academic inquiry. 9 Instructions: Producing An Overview and Purpose (Follow precisely) *Review Blackboard Online community 5. Use your information and school comments intended for strengthening, like a guide to improve your Overview and Purpose (see items #1-9 below). *Draft 1 is due Week a few. Review Forum 6. You will get a great start off if you develop this very well. 1 . Making use of the template: a. Develop a first title for the Assessment and include around the title page. The title ought to include the main principles and topics (and/or key theories) just for this review. Remember this is a vital analysis in the literature NOT a research study!!!! In no part of this newspaper, should you refer to this Review of Literature as being a research study!!!!!! m. For the Introduction to the Literature, put in a brief subtitle preceding the colon to get the level proceeding: ___: Overview and Goal. 2 . Beneath the Overview and Purpose, expose the daily news with an “eye catching” opening word for the first paragraph. 3. Following your “eye catching” opening word, briefly – describe the topic (problem region, guiding strategy, theme). Get to the point – don’t allow reader you know what the assessment is about –a few sentences. 4. Next include short definitions of each of the major concepts and cite referrals for these meanings in suitable APA structure. BE SIMPLE – this is not the literature but an summary of it! What you may present in the introduction is definitely developed in depth in the Overview of the Literature. 5. Subsequent, very in short ,, attempt to identify how the literature explains these kinds of variables and their relationships to other parameters. Include up to possible factors because this will help in building a literature map. The map displays relationships between the variables because you describe in this article. – Start with the following: The causal variables (independent are) … The effects (dependent/outcome variables are… Contextual (intervening or mediating) variables that further impact the dependent or outcome parameters are …. 6. Talk about how the matter area was identified along with your reasons (point of view) for selecting the subject area to conduct your critical analysis of the books. Review the Guidelines: How to Start – Select a Matter and Summary and Goal, including reasons identified by Bourner (1996). Begin with this: The topic part of ____ was selected because___. 7. Make clear what you want to learn about the topic. Review Scharf, 1999, p. 14 (Questions the Review Can Answer). Begin with this: Some inquiries to be clarified through this critical research of the materials are: …… 8. Response the following: May be the topic regarding the problems in a discipline or perhaps field of study, processes in a discipline or discipline of examine, or the techniques in a self-discipline or field of analyze? Processes can refer to various epistemologic processes to develop knowledge (also Discover Hart, 99, p. 14). Introduce this clearly hence the reader knows what you will be speaking about. Commence with the following: The condition area of … is about…… 9. Determine the Summary and Goal with a evidently formulated statement of reason for the literature review. Utilize the examples inside the guidelines, being a guide to develop this. Make this clear (see examples in the last lecture note). Begin with the next and include the ending The purpose of this ……………………….., and to identify areas of future scholarly request. Organization of the Review, Range, and Selection Research Prepare Organization with the Review Lecture Collect ideal articles, examine critically, determine concepts, theories, and designs, and think about the best way to present your subject. Write these concepts, hypotheses, and topics down (see your Blackboard forum 5 submission and instructor response. Develop a Literary works Map. This really is a Content Map (Concept Map or Mind Map): All learners will have a literature map that will slowly move the organization of the review and literature search. Build (draw) a visual photo of the concepts and their associations, which results in a literature map. These progress from your matter, key ideas, ideas, topic, and/or purpose. Don’t present new information or principles. It should first be introduced in the guide. The materials map is definitely presented complex here. There are numerous methods to set up the review, which often modify as you find out more on the topic. Strategy Mapping – Representing information in picture form in which key words are linked simply by lines. These kinds of lines are then marked to express the relationship between the terms. The resulting ‘map’ shows links between key suggestions and can then simply be read through to make clear relationships between key terms. a. Definition and Purpose of a Literature Map. This map is a visual/graphic representation of concepts, suggestions, and styles that in order to guide considering. In this case, the reason is to slowly move the search and organizational demonstration of your review. This map serves to: i. Develop ideas for your review ii. Show relationships and interrelationships between the concepts, theories, and themes – and if so , what type of human relationships iii. Aid in organizing old knowledge and integrating this with new knowledge 4. Guide the literature search plan/strategy v. Identify subtitles (subheadings) to organize your literature review to enable you to communicate your opinions systematically. ni. A literature/content map is a creative, user-friendly, and artistic endeavor to observe how things suit – to build alternatives. Also, it is analytical and critical, depending on what you have found in the books. REVIEW THESE TYPES OF LINKS A simplified explanation of understanding of a Content material map is definitely described inside the following URL – world wide web link – http://users.edte. utwente. nl/lanzing/cm_home. htm b. Various types of Visual or Visual Organizers (review this online. Click every single box) (you actually need to have the syllabus downloaded and Web connection on) |Chain of Incidents |Clustering |Compare/Contrast | |Continuum |Cycle |Family Tree | |Fishbone |Interaction Outline |Problem/Solution | |Spider |Storyboard |Venn Diagram | Source: http://www. sdcoe. k12. ca. us/score/actbank/sorganiz. htm Other Web sites: Visual or Image Organizers Visual or Visible Organizers: An excellent site assessment this on the net by pressing link. http://edservices. aea7. k12. ia. us/edtech/classroom/workshops/organizers. html http://www. cast. org/ncac/index. cfm? i=3015 http://www. veale. com. au/phd/files/Lit_Map. pdf A few diagrams of content roadmaps are depicted in the pursuing URL web link http://trochim. human. cornell. edu/research/epp2/epp2. htm#Table1 Free Brain Mapping Software program (Smart Draw) http://www. smartdraw. com/specials/mindmapping. or net? id=13054 Psychic readings on Umschlusselung Ideas: Observe Hart, 99, pp. 142-162 Blackboard’s Tasks Toolbar: Discover example of literature maps in Assignments – Weeks 1-8 Literature Review (Critical Analysis) 50%. Through this folder is usually information on PowerPoint Presentation and Student Examples. Most of the college student examples include books maps for RES 702 (RES600) students. Organizing delete word the materials by designs, theories, or major principles and related concepts provides a “frame for the central topic” to organize. In this case, you may proceed inductively or deductively. http://trochim. human being. cornell. edu/kb/dedind. htm Work out in Deductive/Inductive thinking: http://www2. sjsu. edu/depts/itl/graphics/induc/ind-ded. html#3b For instance , a deductive approach may well start with the broader look at or concept(s) then proceed to the specific topic area. Case in point FOLLOWS: A literature map (Figure 1) is used to guide the catalogue search for assumptive and scientific literature about distance learning. The map displays a deductive pattern with the major styles, using an “interaction collection style” form of graphic organizer. Beginning with the broadest concept of distance education, web-based teaching interacts with college student characteristics, which leads to evaluation of success of web-affiliated instruction in distance education.... Other concepts and their associations to guide the review happen to be.. ……. Different Organizational Strategies for Reviews: While VACA 702 learners are asked to develop books maps that serve to organize the review, with more educational experience and depending upon the topic, you could also present the Review using an “opposing view” or “methodological approach”. This is simply not expected right now. c. The literature map generates a plan for the Review of the Materials Review “Why do a plan, and Fundamental Outlining abilities: http://www. sowie. edu/instruct/wstevens/PROPOSALCLASS/PATRAS. html http://www. mnstate. edu/wasson/ed603/ed603lesson5. htm An outline supplies a blueprint, skeleton, or a plan for the ultimate written assessment. An outline is usually an organizational process which is a logical description of the essential components of the literature review. It provides a visual and conceptual design to get writing. 1 . Identify the main points in the order they must be presented. installment payments on your Differentiate every single main going into reasonable subheadings. three or more. Use further subdivisions if required. IT IS IMMENSELY IMPORTANT THAT YOU INCORPORATE A SECTION UPON MEASUREMENT OF YOUR MAJOR PARAMETERS. REPORT A NUMBER OF THE MAJOR METHODS, TOOLS, OR PERHAPS INSTRUMENTS WHICH WERE USED IN BEFORE STUDIES TO MEASURE THE CRUCIAL CONCEPTS WITHIN YOUR OUTLINE. See in the describe that follows, a sub-level planning is way of measuring of command and company performance. In the Review of the Literature section, you would then describe the various tools whether qualitative or quantitative, and dependability, validity (quantitative tools), and trustworthiness of qualitative tools. Operate a Proquest or Google search just like: “measurement leadership”. This saves you time in the QP and literature in the ”dissertation” to need to know just how your variables have been researched and assessed. It is best to convey more detail in these themes. You are able to change after. Example of an Outline: (Let us say that the next concepts can be found in the materials map which could be String of Occasions, Clustering, or Interaction Describe. This is one of an outline (quite detailed). It includes the major concepts that can be used for the literary works search, and the outline is put in the subsequent part of this Review (Review of the Literature) to organize tips on how to present the literature. Leadership Classical, Accelerating, Risk Command Theories Qualities and Qualities of Frontrunners; Leadership, Power and Effect; Gender and Equity Concerns in Leadership Practice Ethnical Issues and Leadership Developing Teams Leading Organizational Modify Organizational Leadership Development; Tactical Leadership Management Measurement Company Performance Proportions of Organizational Performance Organizational Climate Specific Performance Group Performance Supplier/Vendor Perspectives Client satisfaction Financial Overall performance Effectiveness Indications Performance Influenced Organizations Competency Modeling Handling Performance fish hunter 360 Degree Feedback Collaborative Modify Organizational Efficiency Measurement: End result (Activities) and Outcome (Results) Measures Elements Influencing Company Performance Leadership and Performance of Organizations Leadership Style and Team Overall performance Leadership Design and Organizational Outcomes Management Style and Vendor/Supplier and Customer Satisfaction Life changing Leadership, Organizational Culture, and Organizational Performance 7 Recommendations for Publishing the Organization with the Review Usually do not present literature that you examined here. Simply respond to questions 1-7. 1 ) After you style the literature map, begin with the declaration: A materials map (Figure 1) is employed to guide the library search for theoretical and empirical literary works in this review about ___. 1 . Up coming, describe the specific type of organizer that you utilized to design your map (for example, bunch, chain of events, routine, etc). To accomplish this, you need to assessment this syllabus on line, and click the different URL links of types of visual or graphic coordinators (review preceding lecture which provides several types). 2 . Discover the specific the concepts, hypotheses, and topics that are in your literature map. 3. Next, briefly, illustrate the associations between these concepts, theories and topics (such as what leads to what? Which are the causal, outcome and/or intervening variables? Are the concepts prepared inductively or perhaps deductively? This all identifies the ideas, theories, and themes within your literature map. 4. Following explain that in addition to guiding the literature search, the books map will serve to identify styles, theories, and concepts that may organize the Literature Review. Present these theories, ideas, and topics in format form, differentiating each main heading in logical subheadings. (Keep that simple). your five. Due for draft one particular, go to the up coming major section (Review with the Literature) – insert these themes/concepts as level headings/sublevel headings in outline kind. They serve to organize delete word the Books. Use suitable APA (see p. 113 of APA) level headings. An example applying APA level headings, is usually shown in the next major area of these guidelines. The concepts and themes for the example, uses the describe of styles previously reviewed (leadership and organizational performance). 6. Place the Physique 1, Literature Map towards the end of this discourse on the Organization in the Review (before Scope and Context). a. Make sure that you make your literature map in a software application that can be copied and pasted into your Ms word doc containing your paper. n. Make sure the map is an appropriate size and fits inside the required newspaper margins. c. The Figure and #, and Subject (Literature Map) belong at the end, centered: Figure 1 Books Map Your goal is to have map well-developed in draft 1 and finalized in (draft 2). It is expected that this map will change because you “tighten” and “organize the literature assessment in the next section” as well as very well as in your qualifying paper. Refine this part with each new draft (and especially as your materials map evolves). Scope and Context Address This section lets the reader know what is and is also not included inside your literature assessment (scope). The subject is defined in such a way that a suitable context for the review of the literature is established, in a important, logical approach. The key terms here are included/excluded. You can restate the ideas, concepts and constructs you will include and obvious hypotheses, concepts and constructs you won’t contain (Look at the problem and topic area). Identify what might be included in the search in terms of types of organizations (public/private; for-profit, not for profit; service/product; types of companies, types of educational institutions); populations just like young versus old; male or female; cultural groupings; countries; or perhaps type of profession. The major types of academic literature to examine are: scientific studies, review articles (critical analysis), theoretical articles/books, methodological articles or blog posts, and case studies. These types of literature may be in the form of a book, hard form journal content articles, and digital journal content articles. The following are different types and forms of literature: Periodical Abstract in a primary source, Abstract within a secondary supply, Periodical (hard copy), Regular (electronic), Non-periodical (Book), Non-periodical (chapter in a book), Proceeding of conferences or symposia, Doctoral Dissertations (including abstracts), Unpublished job, Audio-Visuals, Newspaper, Government documents, and Electronic Media. 5 Instructions pertaining to Writing the Scope and Context 1 ) As you write this kind of, discuss precisely what is and is not supplied. Regarding the subject or problem area, discuss what is and is not supplied in terms of concepts/theories, applications to be able to populations and settings. 1 . Identify the forms (ofcourse not types) of publications which can be included. You don’t need to name particular articles, yet identify the forms of materials to be included. 2 . Recognize the discipline(s) you happen to be focusing in (e. g., education, overall health, business, felony justice, accounting, sociology)? Included specialized areas within these kinds of disciplines, such as: gender ideas in sociology, accounting ethics, special education for specified populations, urban violence, etc . 3. Discover the scope in terms of the many years movement (period of time) that your materials review covers and ommissions. 5. Discuss whether you are limiting your assessment to U. S. literature, and/or Global literature. Pertaining to global literary works, identify the “countries”. In the event seminal ebooks are highlighted, include the headings. Refine this part with every single new draft (and particularly as your books expands). Catalogue Research Program and Approach Lecture THIS CAN BE A PLAN, CERTAINLY NOT THE REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE!! The review is usually presented in the second main section (Review of the Literature) Searching the Literature: A fantastic review of the literature depends upon knowledge of the usage of indexes and abstracts, a chance to conduct inclusive bibliographic searches, and capacity to organize the collected info meaningfully. Information literacy abilities assist with data seeking and retrieval strategies and educational communication. Understand scholarly and peer reviewed journals (See Week you Lecture). The e-Learning courses about Lynn Library will help research students with the development of literature opinions using electronic databases, abstracts, bibliographic computer software, Internet searching, Library catalog searching, subject resources, off-campus searching, and research and writing abilities. You need to finish the courses. Library Research Plan/Strategy: In reporting your library plan/strategy, identify ideas, themes (key words) or perhaps descriptors and search the kind of databases pertaining to research in your topic. End up being consistent with the Materials map ideas and designs. Focus your on principal scholarly performs including: empirical, theoretical, critical/analytic, or methodological inquiry. Identify the differences among these types of scholarly inquiry. Review dissertation abstracts. Did you are doing a Lynn Library directory search on the subject (at Lynn)? Did you search picked journals? Performed you limit the search to peer-review journals? Did you limit the search to certain years? If you are having trouble your library search, you can create an appointment while using Reference Librarian who may well assist in building effective search strategies. When you visit the Selection, you should arrive prepared together with your search words. Requesting Components: It is suggested that you read the abstracts before seeking the elements from the Librarian, because certain abstracts may possibly provide adequate facts to help you make a decision on the material’s relevance. Anticipate that you will get hold of more literary works than you will need to include in your literature review. Quantity, yet , is not so as important as selecting appropriate literary works, that is valuable and relevant. While many released review articles may well have more than 100 cited references, because of time restrictions in the course, the expectation is known as a minimum of twenty “relevant”, academic citations inside the text of your paper. Do not go overboard. Top quality and significance is what is important. Don’t work with references by “consulting firms” or companies that are “promoting” their products or perhaps services. Look for scholarly magazines. Types and Forms of Materials: Minimum Requirements i. The preference is the fact you review a variety of types and types of literature in order that you many learn to: ii. Look for and evaluate different types and forms information iii. Incorporate a variety of types information inside the text of the paper iv. Recognize classic (seminal) works as well because current literary works Give your self time to look at the material; tend not to a library request for anything at once. Psychic readings: Search Strategy worksheet: http://library. humboldt. edu/infoservices/sstrawrksht. htm http://www. noodletools. com/debbie/literacies/information/5locate/adviceengine. html http://www. lynn. edu/clientuploads/Library/Graduatestudentsmanual. doc 14 Instructions for Writing the Library Research Plan and Strategy Within a Review, an analysis of the plan or strategy you accustomed to develop your literary works search is presented. Don’t discuss whatever you “will” do, but rather “what you did”. 1 . Recognize the descriptors (concepts, designs, theories, phrases/key words) accustomed to search the kind of databases pertaining to research in your topic. Contain “themes” or perhaps groups of terms used in the search strategy. Add the terms “theory” or “research” to your themes when you are looking. You should uses many “themes” to limit the search. Example of a composition for a selection search: “leadership organizational efficiency research”. Make an effort to include several themes. 2 . Report sources used in the library search. 3. Reveal which of the following types of primary scholarly performs were evaluated: empirical, theoretical, critical/analytic, or methodological query (aim to have all of these)? 4. Had been secondary details of recommendations used in your paper? Make clear Why? Assessment APA s. 247 to understand a secondary quotation of a supply. Remember that these kinds of need to be limited. In your feuille, you need to typically use primary sources of literature. Remember that in case you report literary works from secondary sources in your paper work with (as reported in __). 5. Clarify if you analyzed dissertation abstracts (yes/no). If perhaps so , about what issues, which abstracts? You should use these kinds of. 6. Make clear if you do a Library catalog search on the topic (at Lynn or perhaps where? ) Yes/ or no 7. Give you the titles from the key periodicals reviewed. (Put these headings in Italics). 8. Indicated whether or not you limited the search to peer-reviewed magazines? 9. Suggest if you limited the search to selected years? In the event so , which will years? twelve. Refer someone to the sort of a library Search Print-out that you will place in Appendix A. 11. Record any complications encountered within your library search and how these problems were managed. Refine this part with each fresh draft. Interest, Significance, and Rationale for the Crucial Analysis Address In this previous part of the summary of the materials review, you explain the importance and significance of the Assessment that will comply with. As you read more, you will find more rationale as to why this assessment is important. Offer a transition sentence in your essay from this Introduction to the Review of the Literature. After that end having a statement that explains how the Review will determine in the Conversation section. Example of concluding statement: As a great emerging way of instructional delivery in advanced schooling, and one that continually evolves with the growth in technology, it is important to understand its influence on learning, retention, instruction, and students. This kind of critical evaluation of the literature concludes using a summary and interpretation of theoretical, empirical, and methodological literature, conclusions, and recommendations for future educational inquiry in to web-based teaching in distance education. 5 Instructions intended for Writing the Interest, Significance, and Rationale pertaining to the Essential Analysis 1 ) Discuss if the topic is of limited interest, regional, countrywide, or perhaps of global interest? Clarify why? You can personal interest depending on experience and potential applications. 2 . Describe why it is worth studying (or examining)? 3. Show that the presentation of the Overview of the Materials follows four. Develop a finishing statement (see example over, in lecture) to the effect that a synopsis and understanding, conclusions, and recommendations will be presented by the end of the assessment in the dialogue section. Refine this spend each fresh draft. Review of the Books About ___ (add the topic) Spiel This is the second major part of this kind of critical examination. This has a good lecture. This is the time to write “your in-depth Literature Review”. You laid the foundations just for this section inside the Introduction to the Review, to organize your review according to prospects themes. Present the theoretical literature (theories, model, constructs, concepts) regarding those topics, and scientific literature (studies) regarding those themes, within a proper method. Follow the guidance (see showing theoretical literature, and offering empirical literature) in this Overview of the Materials section. Should you present the literature appropriately in this physique of the assessment, then you will have information to provide in the Discourse on the Materials. If you don’t, this Assessment falls separate. Only literature presented through this Review of the Literature may be analyzed within the next section, Discourse on the Literary works. You will save a stitch in time, if you adhere to instructions and learn how to present theories, and the way to present studies, including the writers stated limitations and tips for future query, in addition on your critique of people studies. • General feedback: The theoretical and scientific literature is summarized, examined, evaluated, and synthesized towards a more in-depth “coherent” manner within organized headings and sublevel headings. Specifically, information pertaining to theoretical, empirical, methodological, crucial review, and case studies about the topic is reported. Because reported previously, expect that you'll obtain even more literature you will need to include in your materials review. Amount, however , can be not as important because selecting ideal literature to provide, that is valuable and relevant. While many released Review articles may well have more than 100 cited references, as a result of time constraints in the course, the expectation is actually a minimum of 20 “relevant”, academic citations in the text of your paper. This will likely increase to 50 referrals in the being approved paper. This certainly isn’t unusual to acquire over 90 references within a dissertation. Will not go overboard. Top quality and relevance is what counts. Don’t make use of references from “consulting firms” or businesses that are “promoting” their products or services. Seek out scholarly journals. As you present literature inside your “word” record, it is okay to talk to your self. Make records in the document to your personal. You can use distinct font shades or shows for these emails to your self. o Perhaps you want to leave a note to you to ultimately review a certain article that you just didn’t yet have the possibility to review, or perhaps o you want to search another theme. o Or you examine an article, yet didn’t possess a chance yet to write about it – jot down notes o Use the expression file as being a tool to keep all information in one place. You will find it very helpful in developing the qualifying newspaper, and in developing the your dissertation. The instructor does not brain (and actually encourages you need to do to this, also in last copies0. Just make the messages “neat” – and not to distracting) Very important, is that you present your review appropriately. Practice carrying it out correctly right away or you will probably be WASTING period (having to redo that later). • Your assessment must be structured within the headings/sublevel headings. Insert the summarize developed in the Introduction to the Review. Ensure that the outline is like organization of themes, ideas add hypotheses in your literature map. • It is fine if you reorganize or rename the topics, but associated with changes in case the Organization from the R (and literature map, in the before section). You want the Introduction to the Review, Report on the Literature, and the Discussion section most to be “internally consistent” with each other. • Guidelines follow in order to present CRITICALLY present, theoretical and scientific literature. FOLLOW THESE INSTRUCTIONS. Quotations and Paraphrasing and Critical Evaluation • This can be a literature review, and never your view.

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